Xabia Heritage - Historical Structures

Some notes on information presented by Ximo Bolufer – Municipal Archeologist at a meeting of the Socio Cultural Round Table on 7th November 2005

Levels of protection are as follows:

a. BIC: Bien de Interes Cultural

b. PI: Protección Integral

c. PIG: Protección Individual General

d. PIP: Protección individual parcial

e. PA: Protección Ambiental

Windmills (PIG):

There are 10.5 + 1 windmills in Xabia. On La Plana there are 10 and a half of one. There is another in Frechinal, the “Safranera” mill. Only two windmills belong to the Municipality – the rest are private. The Public ones are the second and third (from east to west) which form part of the Viewing point of the Windmills of Xabia.

Water Mills:

These are all next to the ravine; they were used by flour merchants

Molí de Garçó (de les Barranqueres) Belongs to the major conservationist Enric Martinez; not seen; near the new Cemetery

Molí de Gavilà: This is OK, but on private property

Molí de Narret: Private property

Molí de Climent: It is “el Cup”

Communal Wells:

which served as drinking troughs for the cattle, two are still left

Els Abanells: in Adsubia

De Castells: in Camí Vell de Gata

Defensive towers (BIC):

Portixol: In private land, well conserved

Ambolo: On private land

Castell de la Granadella; Public and very run down; renovation piecemeal by small groups.

Capsades: Farmhouse tower; islamic emplacement at the end of the 11th Century.

Fortified houses(BIC):

Also called “Campanarets”. There are many of these around Javea. There were used as a form of defense agains invaders by people who were working the land. There’s one near the Pont del Llavador; another between the river and Javea Camping; near the Arenal Tennis Club there are two on private property.

Fortified house of Pelletes

Fortified House of Torroner

Fortified House of Bardissa (behind the Tennis)

Fortified House of L’Hort de Bolufer (behind the campsite)

Church of San Bartolome (BIC)

The roof needs to be re-sealed, but it’s not in too bad a condition. The main problem is that the gargoyles, which drain the rainwater away have not be cleaned periodically. Therefore the water has pooled behind them causing leaks in the roof. The main problem is the bell tower. When it was mechanised in 1963 a metal structure replaced a wooden one. This has generated vibrations which are transmitted through the structure of the tower causing cumulative damage.


Popul: well conserved thanks to the Evangelists which have services there each week.

Santa Lucia: This has been remodelled consistent with changing the roof; changing of the bell and its supports, and improving the pavement outside (which was earth before). There are Roman and Bronze Age remains, though without special relevance to the hermitage.

Nazareno: well conserved

Sant Joan: The most deteriorated of all; behind the old Cemetery

Benitzaina: Property of Xabia

San Hermenegildo de San Martín: Private property in the finca de Doña Julia (below the Hotel el Rodat).

Ermita de San Vicent: in Rebaldí

Ermita de Cansalades: Private

Ermita de Portitxol: private

Ermita abierta de Cala Blanca: doesn’t exist

Ermita de la Mare de éu del Àngels: or ermita de la Plana, Now a monastery, property of the Church.

Ermita Sant Jaume dels Julians: Private property.

Ermita de Sant Antoni: on the Cap de Sant Antoni, There is only the ground floor; private property; next to the viewing point of the Cabo

Pont del Llavador (Bridge )(PIG): from the 19th Century, in the camí del Pou del Moro

Séquia de la Noria (PIG): Actually little more than the edges of the walls which lined the canal and some cuts in the Tosca at Montanar Set up as one of the view points of Javea.

Prehistoric paintings:

Cova del Barranc del Migdia (BIC)

Coves Santes de Baix (BIC)

Coves Santes de Dalt (BIC)

Archaeological Remains:

There are 51 Archaeological remains and there is submarine archaeology

Remains of la Cova Foradada (Cave)

Cueva del Montgó (Cave)

Roman remains on the Island of Portitxol:

Roman Necropolis of Montanar: In private property in front of the Parador. A possible solution to conserve this is the extraction of some of the tombs; this isn’t however of much relevance since they are left-over tombs (some are already in the Museum)

Roman fish factory/farm?? And royal baths : An agreement with the owner is on the point of being finalised with the possibility of turning it into a museum

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